What We Treatlearn which skin conditions we can treat
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne most commonly appears on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Acne can be distressing and annoyingly persistent. Acne lesions heal slowly, and when one begins to resolve, others seem to crop up. Acne sufferers benefit from light and laser therapies, exfoliation techniques and skin care. Seeking treatment early on will lead to improvement over the long term. Left untreated, acne can leave scars and persistent redness of the skin.
Acne scars develop in areas where former cystic blemish lesions have been present. Acne scars typically come in three varieties:
- Atrophic, which are mostly shallow
- Ice pick-shaped, which are narrow and deeper.
People with deeper skin tones may also notice darkening (or hyperpigmentation) within the scars, while people with lighter skin tones may show redness (or erythema) within the scars.
Medically known as telangiectasia are thin red, purple, or blue capillaries that occur when there is an increase in pressure or a weakness in the capillary wall, which causes the vessels to expand and sometimes break. This allows blood to seep out, accentuating the tiny vessels’ threadlike appearance. Some reasons you may develop broken capillaries include:
- Irritated skin Sloughing more than twice a week or with harsh exfoliater can exacerbate the problem by causing blood vessels to dilate and even break.
- A family history If your parents have them, you’re prone to getting them too.
- Extreme heat Sitting in the sun or a steam room for more than half an hour or engaging in overly strenuous activity can make your capillaries expand and possibly burst.
- Fluctuating hormone levels During menstruation or pregnancy, for example, more blood flows through your vessels, which stresses them and can lead to tears.
Crow’s feet are small wrinkles that appear at the outer corners of the eyes, and are often identified as one of the first signs of visible aging of the face. Also known as ‘laughter lines’, crow’s feet are so-called due to their visual resemblance to a bird’s footprint.
Although the natural aging process itself is a contributing factor to the development of crow’s feet, exposure to sunlight is the most common, as excessive squinting combined with weakening of collagen and elastin fibres in the skin helps wrinkles to develop at an earlier stage than in faces that are protected from the sun. Smoking also accelerates the formation of these lines and biochemical processes that cause the skin to age.
Fine ‘crinkles’ and lines that appear superficially on the epidermis (outer layer of skin). The underlying cause of fine lines, also known as atrophic rhytids, is dermal thinning. Dermal thinning is caused by a loss of collagen and elastin in the dermis (deeper layer of skin).
Besides the natural aging process, contributing factors to the accelerated formation of fine lines include: sun exposure, smoking, stress, dehydrated skin.
Frown lines are the verticle lines between the eyebrows often called “Number 11 Lines”. People often complain about looking overly serious, worried or even angry, when really they feel just fine.
Furrows in this area result from a weakening of the dermal structures, collagen and elastin, coupled with the constant contraction of the muscles that cause frowning.
Lip Lines (Peri-Oral Wrinkles)
Lip lines are also known as ‘smoker’s lines’ and medically as ‘peri-oral rhytids. They are the verticle lines just above and below the lips. In women, these lines are what cause lipstick to ‘bleed’. Like frown lines, these creases result from a weakening of the dermal structures, collagen and elastin fibres and from the constant contraction of the muscle the surrounds the mouth.
Sun exposure, aging and of course smoking are the main contributing factors to these creases.
You can tell a person’s age by their hands…
Hands are often exposed to the harsh elements and sun (especially while driving) and by our late 20s brown spots begin to appear and we have what is known as “loss of volume” – leaving thin skin on the back of the hand that is wrinkled and shows many of our tendons and veins.
Our hands can often give away our age more than any other part of the body so it’s important to take care of this delicate skin if you want to maintain an overall youthful appearance.
Melasma, or chloasma, is often called the “mask of pregnancy”. It is a skin condition common in women that is characterized by hyperpigmentation, or darkened patches of facial skin, including the forehead, cheeks, nose or upper lip.
Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone hormone levels in females that may occur in response to birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy associated with menopause or pregnancy are often to blame for causing melasma.
Skin discoloration from melasma is different from other forms of hyperpigmentation; it is less predictable and more difficult to treat. Melasma is easily mistaken for sun damage, freckles.
Neck & Jowls
The difference between a young face and an old face is the absence or the presence of jowls. Jowl formation is due to the descent of the cheeks below the jaw line. This disrupts the jaw line. Most people who develop jowls at an early age have strong muscles around the chin and neck area. By relaxing those muscles, similar to what you would do with the frown lines, we can get a great lift and even more important prevent sagginess of the face in future.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition affecting the face. In the early stages it causes easy flushing or blushing. Redness may become permanent as the small blood vessels of the face dilate. There may be small, red, pus-filled bumps or pustules. It looks like a bad case of acne, and has been called “adult acne,” but it is not caused by the same things that cause acne.
Rosacea is a chronic illness that alternates between flare-ups and remissions at intervals of a few weeks to a few months. The cause for rosacea is unknown. If not treated, rosacea tends to get worse over time.
Some men with a more severe form of rosacea develop rhinophyma. In this condition, the oil glands on the skin of the nose become blocked and the nose gets bigger. At the same time, the cheeks become puffy. Alcohol may increase the flushing, but this condition is not caused by alcohol use.
Stretch marks first appear as streaks of red or purple then often turn white in color. Stretch marks (striae) typically occur when the skin is stretched during weight gain, growth spurts, or pregnancy. The skin condition can also be caused by medications such as steroids or hormones.
Stretch marks appear when tiny tears in the supporting layers of skin result from excessive stretching of the dermis (the middle layer of skin). Dilation of the blood vessels form the discolored stretch marks, often turning white in appearance and making the skin area look scarred.
Surgical or Trauma Scars
Whenever the skin sustains damage, there is the possibility of scarring. As a child, skinning your knee may result in a scar. The same is true of surgery, regardless of the skill of your surgeon. Making an incision in the skin, which typically requires cutting through all of the layers of the skin, can result in scarring, regardless of where on the body surgery is performed.
Sun Damage, Sunspots, Liver Spots, Freckles
Sun spots, liver spots, freckles and other unwanted pigmentation are often associated with skin aging and over exposure to the sun or sunbeds. From the age of about 40 the skin is less able to regenerate from sun exposure and age spots start to appear. Generally these age spots pose no health risk, however they can be unsightly and create a patchy, less youthful appearance.
Vascular lesions are the result of numerous or large vessels that form directly underneath the skin. This usually results in a red appearance in the skin since the vessels can be visible through the skin. These lesions occur in many sizes, shapes and forms all over the body. These lesions occur in a variety of forms including port wine stains, broken capillaries, hemangiomas, and cherry angiomas.
Some of the ways we treat vascular lesions include: IPL
Volume loss in the face is one of the key effects of aging. When we are young, our faces resemble a grape, full and voluminous, without any wrinkles. As we get older the volume in our face decreases and our faces resemble a sultana, the volume is lost and wrinkles and folds start to form. Loss of volume occurs as early as the mid- twenties, depending on lifestyle and genetics.
Some of the ways we treat volume loss include: Neuromodulators and Fillers,